Micronutrition and Macronutrition: what’s the difference?

Micronutrition and Macronutrition Free Spirited Sisters

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrition)

Getting adequate nutrition in the form of both Micronutrition and Macronutrition is so important in the proper functioning of the body and in the prevention of illness and disease. So what is the difference between the two? And why is it so important to hit the mark with both?


Micronutrients are known as your vitamins and minerals. They are only required in small amounts, however, are essential for survival and the healthy functioning of the body. A lack of them can cause an array of health and deficiency problems, relating to things from metabolism to growth. Vitamins A, B-complex, C, D, E and K are all required as are the minerals calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, copper, iodine, zinc and fluoride. Maintaining a balanced diet of wholegrains, nuts, fruit and vegetables with an array of colour should see that your requirements are met. At times when your diet doesn’t meet these requirements, a supplement like this one can help bridge the gap.


Macronutrients are your carbohydrates, protein and fat. They are required in larger amounts and are essential for health and growth of your body. These are the guys that provide energy in the form of calories/kilojoules. Carbohydrates, in particular, are easily metabolised by the body and are used readily as fuel. Fats are essential for brain development, cell functioning, protection and absorption. Protein is super important for repair and regeneration of cells and tissues. You can read more about protein in our post here. There is some debate over the correct ratios of carbs, fats and protein in our diet. The ketongenic diet for example involves limiting carbs, having a moderate mount of protein and upping healthy fats to encourage your body to burn more fat instead of sugars, while preserving the muscle stores. We like to make sure we’re covering all of the groups, without restricting things too much. Getting in some carbs, some good quality protein and good fats in at each meal is a good start. We’re also loving this Compete Protein drink that gives us a boost of macronutrition, either added to our smoothies or on its own.

Getting the balance right

Of course, it all comes down to the individual and what works for you. And we all know it can be hard sometimes to cover every base when you’re doing life at the same time. So go easy on yourself, and if you need a little help, that’s ok. We’re all in this together!



Katie x